Skip to main content

静脉疾病


病因

在绝大多数病例中,肺栓塞 (PE) 都由深静脉血栓形成 (DVT) 导致 — 血栓脱离深部静脉,通过静脉流进肺部。
 

症状

深静脉血栓形成 (DVT) 的迹象和症状包括:2, 4

  • ​腿部浮肿
  • 腿部疼痛或触疼
  • 皮肤发红、变色
  • 皮肤发热
  • 疼痛的伤口或溃疡

肺栓塞 (PE) 的迹象和症状包括:2

  • 气短
  • 呼吸困难
  • 咳嗽,可能会咳出血
  • 胸部剧痛
  • 心跳过快或不规则(心律失常)
  • 头重脚轻、眩晕或昏厥
  • 多汗

如果出现上述多种症状,应当立即就医。

 


参考文献:

  1. The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism. Office of the Surgeon General (US); National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (US). 2008. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44178/
  2. Venous Thromboembolism (Blood Clots). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/dvt/index.html
  3. Venous Thromboembolism (VTE). National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities 2012 Annual Fiscal Report. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/aboutus/annualreport2012/documents/ar2012-vte-printversion.pdf
  4. Deep Vein Thrombosis Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://medlineplus.gov/deepveinthrombosis.html
  5. Pulmonary Embolism. Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://medlineplus.gov/pulmonaryembolism.html
  6. Explore Deep Vein Thrombosis. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dvt
  7. Explore Pulmonary Embolism. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pe