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Deep Vein Thrombosis

静脉疾病


关于深静脉血栓形成 (DVT) 和肺栓塞 (PE)

静脉是将血液从身体组织输送回心脏的血管。静脉疾病的两种常见形式是深静脉血栓形成和肺栓塞。5 深部静脉是位于身体较深部位的静脉,例如股静脉和髂静脉。靠近体表或皮肤的静脉称为浅静脉。血栓形成是血凝块的另一种说法。4

深静脉血栓形成 (DVT) 是指身体的深部静脉中出现血栓。大部分血栓在腿部静脉中形成,但是它们偶尔也可能在手臂中形成。血栓可导致静脉中的血流部分或完全被堵塞。

静脉疾病下载快速事实 — 静脉疾病 PDF


DVT 最严重的并发症是肺栓塞 (PE)。肺表示与肺部有关,栓塞意味着堵塞。当静脉中的血栓松动并流进心脏和肺部后,可能会堵塞肺动脉,此时就会发生 PE。PE 可能会导致肺部损伤,并可能危及生命。DVT 和 PE 通常一起称为静脉血栓栓塞 (VTE)。

 


参考文献:

  1. The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism. Office of the Surgeon General (US); National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (US). 2008. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44178/
  2. Venous Thromboembolism (Blood Clots). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/dvt/index.html
  3. Venous Thromboembolism (VTE). National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities 2012 Annual Fiscal Report. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/aboutus/annualreport2012/documents/ar2012-vte-printversion.pdf
  4. Deep Vein Thrombosis Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://medlineplus.gov/deepveinthrombosis.html
  5. Pulmonary Embolism. Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://medlineplus.gov/pulmonaryembolism.html
  6. Explore Deep Vein Thrombosis. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dvt
  7. Explore Pulmonary Embolism. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pe