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病因和风险因素

造成腹内压升高的任何情况都可以导致疝。风险因素主要包括:9

  • 疝家庭病史
  • 男性
  • 肥胖
  • 妊娠
  • 举重、咳嗽、用力
  • 囊胞性纤维症和慢性肺部感染
  • 以前进行过腹腔手术
  • 胶原代谢紊乱 10
  • 吸烟 10

 


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