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End Stage Renal Disease

什么是终末期肾病 (ESRD)?


肾脏排除身体废物和多余的水分。但是,如果肾脏无法继续支持身体的需求,您会有罹患慢性肾脏疾病的风险。

终末期肾病 (ESRD) 是慢性肾脏疾病的最终阶段。“肾”指的是肾脏,肾和肾脏是可以互换使用的。如果您患有 ESRD,您的肾脏不能再满足您身体的需求。因为多余的废物和水不能被排出,您的身体处于巨大的危险中。

慢性肾脏疾病可以在 10-20 年后发展成 ESRD。1 ESRD 有时候也称为终末期肾病,同时也俗称肾衰竭。
 

终末期肾病
下载快速事实 — 终末期肾病 PDF

 

参考文献:

  1. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000500.htm (MedlinePlus: End-stage kidney disease)
  2. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-kidney-disease/home/ovc-20207456 (Mayo Clinic: Chronic kidney disease)
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2582781/
    (Guidelines for the management of chronic kidney disease)
  4. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5608a2.htm
    (Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Associated Risk Factors—United States, 1999 - 2004)
  5. http://www.apho.org.uk/resource/item.aspx?RID=63798
    (CKD estimates - Neoerica 210209)
  6. https://www.kidney.org (National Kidney Foundation)
  7. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/19/health/lives-forever-linked-through-kidney-transplant-chain-124.html
    (New York Times: 60 Lives, 30 Kidneys, All Linked)